Is This Solid Stone or
Only the Mason & Homeowner Know.
Stone Veneer Facades
Up until the early 20th Century, stone was the structural component of every large building. The walls were 12" to 24" thick of solid stone, which made the building strong, held up the floors above it as well as the roof, and had the side benefit of being beautiful
When wood and steel frame structures came on the scene, buildings no longer needed to be as massive or have the foundations required for solid stone. The downside was that the aesthetic value of stone was lost, as well as the benefit of low maintenance.
Later, architects designed STONE VENEERED walls, where the load bearing structure was wood, steel or concrete block. The face of the wall, instead of being shingles or clapboards, was stone. These "veneer stones" in either 4" maximum or a 6" maximum thicknesses, can be set on a standard, poured concrete foundation.
A more recent development in natural stone is "thin veneer" or "thin adhered stone", which is only 3/4" to 1-1/2" thick. It can be adhered to a conventionally framed structure with standard masonry cement, eliminating the need for additional foundations.
Now, with thin stone, you can cover a concrete foundation, a false chimney, a section of the front of a home, or the face of a factory-built fireplace, as easily as wallpapering!